ACEs stands for Adverse Childhood Experiences. They are a tool for understanding the health of a population as a whole and are strongly related to "toxic stress"

These experiences can include things like physical and emotional abuse, neglect, mental illness and domestic violence.

ACEs research found that the more of these experiences a child has, the more likely he or she is to suffer from things like heart disease and diabetes, poor academic achievement and substance abuse later in life.

A key finding in all research related to ACEs is the availability of a supportive adult or carer as a means of mitigating and managing stressful events in the child's life.  

There have been major conferences in Scotland and Wales discussing the health and social consequences of ACEs.  Vidoes of these are available on Youtube.  

The following link provides a useful introduction to the original ACEs research, together with further links listed below.

 

Early Intervention Foundation - Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) report. What we know, what we don't know, and what should happen next which includes this 1 minute segment: